Kakku Pagoda

The Kakku relic pagoda of the southern Shan state, which only recently has become one of the most visited places in the Shan State. It is situated near Mway Taw Village, Kakku village tract, Taunggyi township, under the administration of special region 6, About 25 KM away from Taunggyi, the Capital of Shan State.


Kakku Pagodas is a group of pagodas and temples numbering in the thousands constructed over 2000 years for the worship of Buddhism religion in Myanmar.
Featuring a cluster of fantastic ancient monuments, the Kakku Pagoda complex is located in Taunggyi district in the heart of Shan State in Myanmar.
Kakku Pagodas is a popular tourist attraction site as many tourists visit to marvel at these ancient temples and Buddist Pagodas which date back about 2000 years ago.
The Kakku Pagodas were established by Pa-O people who live in the Thaton area in southern Shan State. The entire region of Kakku where the pagodas and the temples are located is occupied by Pa-O villages and boasts of a beautiful natural landscape.


The legend of Kakku goes far back to the 3th century B.C to the region of King Ashoka of the Indian Empire, and also to the 11th century Bagan dynasty during the region of the famous King Alaung Sithu.
It is a well known fact that King Ashoka purified and propagated the Buddhist religion throughout the Indian Empire and extending even future to Myanmar. All of us are familiar with Asoka’s stupendous and monumental works of charity, where donated most significantly 84, 000 wells, 84, 000 ponds, 84,000 pagodas among many others forms or deeds of merits. Thus many ancient pagodas found in Myanmar are in some way or another links to his name. So went the oral history handed down through the generations.


Another popular legend in Myanmar History concerns King Alaung Sithu, of the flourishing Bagan Dynasty, gained legendary fame due to his nation –building endeavors and dedicate propagation of Buddhism in Myanmar. He was reputed to tour his Kingdom in the magical “Thit Ka Net” royal barge with a war way appearing mystically at the mere direction of his finger. He used to build pagodas among the banks, atop hills, and the plains as inspired by his royal vision. During one of his royal tours along what was the Shan State, he was deeply enchanted by the unraveling scenic beauty of this location. His majesty thereupon commanded his retinue to build a pagoda atop the hill over looking this magnificent valley. This pagoda was named “Phaungdaw Sit” meaning pagoda built where the royal barge berthed. It was also one of the largest structures among the group of the pagodas.


The assemblage of Kakku pagodas consists of two distinct architectural presentations. One presentation was designed as the “Yun” assemblage of pagodas. The foremost pagodas donors were one of the dominant Shan ethnic nationalities known as the “Yun”. The structures have distinctive tapering spires. The largest pagoda of Yun design stands at the eastern sector and is known by several names, such as Ashoka pagoda, Shwewet Ku pagoda, Kakku relic pagoda, etc.


The seconds presentation followed the Myanmar design initiated by King Anawratha during the golden age of pagoda building. King Alaung Sithu was also famous for building pagodas at places where his royal barge anchored during his extensive travels along his kingdom. One of the imposing pagodas situated in the western sector is reputed to have been built by king Alaung Sithu bearing the august named “Phaung Daw Site” pagoda meaning the pagoda in memory of the place where his barge anchored. The pagodas in the western sector generally followed the Bagan Design. Devout Buddhists of the later generations donated many smaller pagodas around the two large stupas. Thus the numbers grew through the passage of time heightening the aura and also enriching the architectural kaleidoscope.


In the olden days Myanmar literature was recited to memory and handed down by word of mouth. Rhymes were the order of those days as they were easy to recite and memorize. One remarkable feature was to encode the numbers through the letters of the Myanmar alphabet. It consisting of 5 letters each. Again each unit is linked to the days of the week and a number was assigned to each unit. Again the number of the alphabet unit, the day of the week and the planet are also linked for astrological computations. There is a saying in Myanmar such as
Taung Thu Kun Hnyat meaning
Taung= 7, Thu= 6, Kun= 2, Hnyat= 3
Totaling= 7, 623 pagodas.
The Later census conducted in the years 1928 , recorded the number as 2548 pagodas.